Publication: Anne Kraus, Owen Frazer, Lars Kirchhoff, Tatiana Kyselova, Simon Mason, Julia Palmiano Federer
Anne Kraus, Owen Frazer, Lars Kirchhoff, Tatiana Kyselova, Simon Mason, Julia Palmiano Federer: Dilemmas and Trade-Offs in Peacemaking: A Framework for Navigating Difficult Decisions. In: Politics and Governance, 7(4), 2019, S. 331-342.
This article focuses on the dilemmas and trade-offs that third parties face when mediating violent political conflicts. Should they ignore human rights violations because pushing the issue could jeopardize relationships with political actors who grant access for humanitarian aid? Will bringing moderates and hardliners together help the peace process or radicalize moderate actors? The activity of peacemaking is inherently characterized by such process and strategy dilemmas where two equally compulsory imperatives seem not to be attainable at the same time. The article proposes a framework to break out of either-or thinking in these situations. The model reworks and combines existing problem-solving strategies to create a new explorative option generation approach to peacemaking dilemmas and trade-offs. Using examples from the authors’ peacemaking activities and observations in Myanmar, Thailand, and Ukraine, the article demonstrates the real-world benefits of the framework in terms of decision assessment and optional thinking.