Publikation: Wolfgang Schmid, Yarema Okhrin, Ivan Semeniuk
Wolfgang Schmid, Yarema Okhrin, Ivan Semeniuk: New approaches for monitoring image data, in: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Vol. 30 (2021), S. 921-933.
In this paper, we develop new techniques for monitoring image processes under a fairly general setting with spatially correlated pixels in the image. Monitoring and handling the pixels directly is infeasible due to an extremely high image resolution. To overcome this problem, we suggest control charts that are based on regions of interest. The regions of interest cover the original image which leads to a dimension reduction. Nevertheless, the data are still high-dimensional. We consider residual charts based on the generalized likelihood ratio approach. Existing control statistics typically depend on the inverse of the covariance matrix of the process, involving high computing times and frequently generating instable results in a high-dimensional setting. As a solution of this issue, we suggest two further control charts that can be regarded as modifications of the generalized likelihood ratio statistic. Within an extensive simulation study, we compare the newly proposed control charts using the median run length as a performance criterion.
Although creativity is often considered a key success factor in advertising, the marketing literature lacks a systematic empirical account of when and how advertising creativity works. The authors use a meta-analysis to synthesize the literature on advertising creativity and test different theoretical explanations for its effects. The analysis covers 93 data sets taken from 67 papers that provide 878 effect sizes. The results show robust positive effects but also highlight the importance of considering both originality and appropriateness when investing in advertising creativity. Moderation analyses show that the effects of advertising creativity are stronger for high- (vs. low-) involvement products, and that the effects on ad (but not brand) reactions are marginally stronger for unfamiliar brands. An empirical test of theoretical mechanisms shows that affect transfer, processing, and signaling jointly explain these effects, and that originality mainly leads to affect transfer, whereas appropriateness leads to signaling. The authors also call for further research connecting advertising creativity with sales and studying its effects in digital contexts.